Watch Components Basic

Watch Components Basic

At this day and age, it is important to have a basic understanding of your watch components. This is because it is one of the last few personal signatures you possess. Much like your clothing preference, perfume choices, and even your hairstyle, your watch is a big part of who you are.

Leo Tolstoy once referred to patience and time as two of the most powerful warriors in our time. In understanding time and how it works, you would need an ample amount of patience as you peruse through basic components of a watch. As small as it is, there are a few elements that you need to be familiar with as you wear it day in and day out. It also does not hurt to know the history of quality watches like Seiko.

Top watch components

Here are some of the most important parts of your watch which you normally see and use to tell time.

Watch Components Basic


This is the outer ring of your watch which can either be flat or round. There are watches that embellishes the bezel and can usually dictate the price of a watch. It can have precious stones in it and may even have a different metal material than the case. This gives off a beautiful two-tone aesthetic to some of the watches. The bezel can either be fixed or moving to help the owner adjust to some time difference around the world.  


When you talk about watch components, it is quite hard to miss the markers on your piece. These are the numbers you see on your watch that helps you tell time. Most timepieces use Arabic numerals while some make use of Roman numerals. There are some pieces that simply uses shapes as markers on their watch.


In telling time, the hands on your watch helps you determine the exact time. These are the strips of metal composed of different thickness and length to help determine the “hour” hand from the “minute” as well as the “second” hand. This makes it one of the most crucial components of a watch


Commonly referred to as the business side of the watch simply because this is where the markers and hands are seen. When you talk about watch components, this is the one that you would always be looking at to tell time. There are some timepieces that use a subdial to help indicate other time details such as running seconds or even minutes.


Above your dial is the crystal which helps protect the watch from external factors. This glass can either be of two things – scratch proof but prone to shattering or prone to scratching but more resistant when it comes to shattering. High end timepieces usually has the latter, scratch proof crystal but more prone to shattering when a strong force impacts the crystal.

Date Wheel

The date wheel usually sits at the right side of the dial near the number 3. Apart from the actual day of the month, there are also date wheels that help tell the day of the week.


This is one of the more useful watch components to date especially for those that have poor eyesight. The cyclop is that small interruption to an otherwise smooth crystal that magnifies the date on the watch. According to lore, the wife of Hans Wilsdorf who is the founder of Rolex and Tudor had poor eyesight. The inventor had the cyclop put in the watch to help her see the date much clearer.


One of the most important watch components you need to know about is the crown. Usually found at the 3 o’clock position, it helps you adjust the time and date on your watch. There are some crowns that engages when you pull them out while some water-resistant timepieces have the crown screwed in place.


This is the part of your watch where the case ad band meet. Found at the 6 and 12 o’clock position, is usually employs the use of spring bars to help hold the strap, buckle or band to the watch.


When you talk about watch components, the band is the part that goes around your wrist. This can be made of various materials from leather, nylon, satin, rubber, and metal bracelets.


The clasp is one important part of your watch band because it will help you secure a snug fit on your watch. They help you compensate the fit in the case of weight loss or gain. There are different types of clasps from simple fold-over to complicated tri-fold versions.

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